Give the Gift of Relaxation!

Amid the holiday gift giving season, most online retailers are sharing their guides to help you spoil loved ones with their favorite tangible items. From cozy robes to well-scented candles, the options are endless and often, overwhelming.

But, have no fear!

If you have an experience lover in your life that enjoys thoughtful experiences over material items, consider sending them to a nearby COSMEDIX spa that’s equipped with skilled estheticians and skincare professionals that can help transform the look of their skin with an exquisite line of facials, treatments, metabolic peels and at-home regimens. Escape from the hustle and bustle of the holiday season with a relaxing spa experience that treats both the body and mind. To find a spa near you or a loved one, visit

5 Reasons People Should Be Visiting the Spa:

  • There’s no better advice than expert advice
    When choosing a reputable spa with the COSMEDIX spa locator, you can ensure that you will receive top-notch advice and treatment from industry officials who specialize in clean beauty solutions. Whether you’re going for a simple facial or a more advanced chemical peel, these individuals are equipped with the finest products to help treat your skincare needs.
  • Stress can take a toll on our skin
    With event after event filling our schedules, it’s easy to become overwhelmed. Unfortunately, stress can lead to breakouts, dark circles and puffiness in the face. The spa is the perfect place to completely unwind to hit reset on both your mind and skin.
  • Build a custom at-home regimen
    While metabolic peels, facials and treatments can help promote visible change in the skin, the aftercare is just as important. Consulting with a skincare professional will help ensure that your at-home regimen is driving positive change in your overall skin health in between visits.
  • Seasonal changes
    Our skin is constantly changing as each season passes and frequent visits to the spa help skincare professional analyze and detect any changes in the skin. For example, during the winter, skin is often dry and dehydrated, whereas summer may call for an added boost of SPF.
  • Prevention
    Getting ahead of skincare issues is a great way to maintain a complexion that you love. Whether you’re looking to get an age-defying serum or invest in a quality eye treatment, heading to the spa will get you started on the right track with preventative skincare products.

COSMEDIX’s Ultimate Gift Guide

The holidays are fast approaching and with our schedules full of parties, potlucks and gift exchanges, setting aside shopping time to sift through the mall may be challenging. This ultimate holiday gift guide featuring a tight-knit collection of COSMEDIX’s unique, high-performance products makes gift-giving a joy. Whether you’re treating your parents to a day at the spa or looking to supercharge your own skincare regimen, this guide will help you find a gift for anyone in your life.

After all, great skin is always in!

NEW Mask Size

COSMEDIX recently launched their cult-favorite masks in travel-friendly, trial-size components to keep skin flawlessly fresh wherever you go. Enjoy Detox, an Activated Charcoal Mask, on-the-go as you detox your skin from daily grime, improve the appearance of discoloration and uneven skin tone or visibly plump the skin for a healthier-looking complexion. If your skin needs a brightening boost, try the Glow Bamboo Brightening Mask, which is formulated to improve the look of uneven skin tone by exfoliating away dead surface skin. If you’re looking to give skin radiant glow, look no further than Restore. This Moisture-Rich Mask is infused with mango seed butter and squalane to help visibly plump skin with hydration, while smoothing out the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Starter Kit
We’ve all been there—wanting to get started on a skincare regimen, yet not knowing where to start. Finding the perfect lineup of serums, moisturizers and cleansers can be difficult, but these COSMEDIX Starter Kits are curated to target various skincare concerns, like visible signs of aging, congested pores, excess oil, dullness, redness and more.

Rose Quartz Crystal Facial Roller
It’s no secret that the rose quartz stone has been around for centuries and this Crystal Facial Roller is an invigorating beauty massage tool that helps revitalize skin for a radiant, healthy-looking complexion that glows. This morning and night facial tool helps roll away tension, puffiness, uneven texture for spa-like results in the comfort of your own home. Promote a firmer, more radiant and smoother-looking complexion through a gentle, relaxing facial massage that aids in natural drainage.

Holiday Bundles
These power-packed duos are specially designed to target different skincare concerns for optimal results. From maintaining overall skin health with the Everyday Essentials Bundle to banishing blemishes with the Clear Skin Bundle and improving the look of dark circles and blemish scars with the Brighter Skin Bundle, these holiday bundles are the keys to achieving healthier, more radiant-looking skin just in time for the new year. They each feature must-have sku’s in full-size components for a total skincare reboot.

Spa Gift Card
Visits to the spa help skincare professionals evaluate the current state of your skin so they’re able to build a custom treatment plan and at-home regimen that will help you achieve a desired complexion. Use the COSMEDIX spa locator at find a spa near you or a loved one for an invaluable holiday experience.

Winter Skin is In!

As we flip over into a new month, it’s time to revamp our skincare regimen to ensure we’re prepared for the cooler temperatures, influx in traveling and constant holiday events that can have a negative impact on your skin. It’s no secret that winter comes with a host of challenges for skin from dry patches to tightness and discoloration and this nutrient-rich regimen will transform the look and feel of your skin for the better. As you pull out your favorite winter coats, cold-weather shoes and matching accessories, be sure to stock up these skincare products that are specially designed to combat dry, dehydrated skin with superior moisture retention.

Cleansing is essential for overall skin health and during the winter months, it’s important to remove debris and environmental pollutants from the skin without stripping the skin of its natural oils. Benefit Clean is a Gentle Cleanser that’s suitable for all skin types as is gently breaks down stubborn makeup with a light, foaming cleanser. Rich in antioxidants, this cleanser is perfect for those with sensitive or post-treatment skin.

Supercharge your regimen with this blend of vitamin E, resveratrol and age-defying biopeptides that visibly eliminates the appearance of environmental damage. Affirm works on all skin types to improve the look of photodamaged skin for a firmer-healthier-looking complexion.

Eye Treatment
The eye area is delicate and shows signs of aging quickly. Say goodbye to dark circles, crow’s feet and pesky fine lines with the help of Opti Crystal. This bestselling Liquid Crystal Eye Serum is formulated with soothing coconut and liquid crystal technology to provide lasting hydration to tired-looking eyes. The copper complex helps improve the look of lines, wrinkles and sagging skin, while powerful antioxidants such as spin trap and alpha lipoic acid protect eyes from harmful free radicals that can cause further damage to sensitive skin.

During the winter, there’s nothing better than a pamper session at home. Restore hydration to agitated, inflamed or extremely dry skin with Rescue+,an Intense Hydrating Balm & Mask that rapidly relieves a chapped complexion with the help of argan oil and shea butter. The thick mask is perfect for dry skin, resulting in a calm, rejuvenated complexion. It also doubles as an overnight treatment for total moisture restoration.


Meet Renu MediSpa

Looking for a results driven medusa in Idaho? Look no further then Renu Medispa.
Known for being innovators in our industry, Renu Medispa has introduced multiple new treatments and protocols to the region including Diamondtome Microdermabrasion, SilkPeel, EpiBlade, Visia Imaging, Palomar StarLux lasers, and Venus Freeze, to name a few.
We asked the girls at Renu about their favorite COSMEDIX products and treatments. Get the full DL down below!
What is your favorite Cosmedix treatment or product to use yourself or recommend to clients & why:
MARSHA PEPIN: I looove Simply Brilliant. I use it myself to treat my hyperpigmentation and keep the results that I achieve with it. I literally recommend it to everyone. It works! I can tell when I haven’t been regular with my routine. My spots creep back to say hello.  Can’t live without it.
LAUREN BAILEY: My favorite Cosmedix products are a duo of Simply Brilliant and Affirm, when I put it on its like my skin just woke up and instantly brightens and tightens/ Plumps. They are amazing to cocktail with any moisturizer to amplify it and create better spread-ability. I love complimenting these products in the treatment room with a Sculpted Mask Treatment, every time I do this my clients get that WOW factor afterwards revealing the glow that they work so hard on at home!
ENDI HULSEY: I am in love with the Timeless Peel! Because I have dry, sensitive skin and battle rosacea I have been hesitant to try peels. The timeless peel won me over. It was not uncomfortable to apply and produced great results. My skin looks and feels amazing and I am planning a series since my first treatment went so well.
VANAE HANSEN: My favorite Cosmedix product to recommend to clients is Simply Brilliant! I think everyone should be on a tyrosinase inhibitor to prevent hyperpigmentation; and the results driven ingredients along with a reasonable price point make it the perfect product to add almost everyone’s regimen.
HILLARY MANFREDO: Purity Solution keeps me from rubbing and pulling the delicate skin around my eyes and face when I cleanse because it MELTS and emulsifies the mile of makeup I have on. Thankful for that!
Favorite part of being a medical esthetician?
LAUREN BAILEY: Being a Medical Aesthetician is my LIFE! I love the Science aspect to it, I’m constantly looking at new ways to up my game. We work with so many innovative brands and devices that education and avenues are endless. I am so proud of the work I get to do everyday for everyone, putting my brain to use creating individualized treatment plans for all my clients to get the results they desire is extremely rewarding!
Do you have any interesting/fun tips or unconventional uses for Cosmedix products?
LAUREN BAILEY: There are so many fun ways to use Cosmedix products, Rx clean works wonders as a tingling mask and deep cleanse when lathered on the skin, add a little Glow mask to it for a physical exfoliation is always a WINNER! Always using remaining Eye Doctor around the lips to fight fine lines, never waste a sparkle of that product!! Purity Balance is also a fix all for me. Someones shoes have a smell to them spray a little in there and I swear it goes away, during a long day of travel- I’ll spritz some on the nape of my neck and even underarms and I’m totally refreshed, it gets even the tightest spots on your face clean- I will take a cotton round and put a couple Q-tips on top spray with Purity Balance and I have the ultimate ear purification, cotton for behind to get all makeup off and the q-tips inside (not too deep) to clean them out. For a toner it works magic!
ENDI HULSEY: Add Purity Detox Scrub to Purity Clean for a tingly, minty refreshing exfoliation at home!
HILLARY MANFREDO: Our climate in Idaho is SO dry so most of our staff and clientele are dehydrated. I add a little bit of Restore mask to my PM moisturizer for a boost in the winter. I put Rescue+ on my hands (concentrating on my cuticles) before bed.
Meet the Staff:
MARSHA PEPIN- Medical Esthetician, MA & Laser technician. @ renu since 2013
LAUREN BAILEY- Medical Esthetician & Laser technician . @ renu since 2016
ENDI HULSEY: MA, Laser technician. @ renu since 2009
VANAE HANSEN: Medical Esthetician @ renu since 2018

Our Gift to You!

The season of giving is just getting started and COSMEDIX 
is celebrating with 5 days of gifts, featuring hydrating lip products, age-defying skincare, fanciful nail lacquers and a skin-clarifying serum that’s sure to spoil your skin just in time for the holiday season! Whether you’re stocking up on your skincare must-haves or treating a loved one to an upgraded routine, consider these exclusive GWP’s our gifts to you. Simply use the codes below during checkout to unlock your special gift.


Day 1 – 12/5

Free Enhance Lip-Plumping Mask with orders $50+



Enhance is an ultra-nourishing lip-plumping mask treatment that doubles as an overnight treatment to help drastically condition lips for a smoother, softer, fuller-looking pout. Formulated with a unique blend of high-performance oils and natural emollients, Enhance delivers intense hydration and helps restore maximum moisture for pillowy soft, more defined-looking lips.


Day 2 –12/6  

Free Clarity Skin-Clarifying Serum with orders $75+



If you battle blemishes, listen up! Clarity is formulated with blemish-fighting retinol and salicylic acid to help exfoliate skin and clarify clogged pores that can cause breakouts and blemishes. Mixed with willowherb, tea tree oil and aloe vera, this serum helps soothe and calm the appearance of agitated skin. Where you’re looking for an all-over serum or as a spot treatment, this is the serum for you.


Day 3 – 12/7

Free Butter London “Make Me Blush” Polish Set with orders $50+



Pink nails are always in and butter LONDON’s limited-edition set of millennial pinks is a must-have in any collection. It’s complete with three, strikingly stunning shades that complement all skin types. Notoriously known for the award-winning Patent Shine 10X formula, these polishes feature gel-like cushion and shine.


Day 4 – 12/8

Free Pure C Vitamin C Mixing Crystals with orders $75+



Brighter days are ahead with these Vitamin C Mixing Crystals that are formulated to help maintain the skin’s flexibility and improve elasticity. Pure C is suitable for all skin types, as it helps neutralize free radicals, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and improves skin texture and tone when paired with other COSMEDIX products.


Day 5 – 12/9

Free Radiance Age Restorative Serum with orders $100+


Turn back the hands of time with this vitalizing serum that’s formulated with Trehalose, peptides and antioxidants to help visibly plump skin and minimize the look of fine lines and wrinkles.

It’s Here! Black Friday & Cyber Monday!

This holiday season, treat your skin to new skincare products that are specially formulated to transform the look and feel of skin with clinical level actives, soothing botanicals and intense hydrators. COSMEDIX is offering 30% off sitewide to help you get your skin prepped and perfect just in time for the cooler temperatures. Stock up on best-selling products or add a few new products to your arsenal with this exclusive offer. Here are our top picks:

For blemish-prone skin…

Detox Activated Charcoal Mask is an award-winning activated charcoal and kaolin clay-based mask that helps draw out impurities from the pores. The diatomaceous earth effectively cleanses away pollutants that can accelerate the visible signs of aging for visibly brighter, less agitated-looking complexion.

For dry skin…

Purity Solution, aNourishing Deep Cleansing Oil, contains a nutrient-rich blend of olive, moringa, kukui, safflower, sesame and argan oils to gently break down dirt, excess oil and impurities, while nourishing the skin with vitamins. Essential for dry skin, this cleanser dissolves sunscreen and makeup without stripping away essential moisture.

Reboot, a new Overnight Hydration Complex, is a probiotic-packed, luxurious night serum that works to balance, hydrate and reduce the appearance of fine line and wrinkles while you sleep.

For sun damaged skin…

Simply Brilliant 24/7 Brightening Serum is a morning and night serum that’s formulated with 10 skin-specific brightening ingredients that help improve dull, discolored and uneven skin tone, as well as hyperpigmented and photodamaged skin. Reveal a brighter and more radiant-looking complexion with this brilliant formula that contains both lactic and salicylic acids to refine skin texture and improve penetration of brightening ingredients.

Hydrate + Broad Spectrum SPF 17 Moisturizing Sunscreen is suitable for all skin types, as it offers broad spectrum protection and antioxidants that fight age-accelerating free radicals and future sun damage. This multipurpose moisturize also works to improve elasticity and loss of radiance, ensuring skin stays hydrated and protected from environmental stressors.

For the normal/combination skin…

It’s nice to give your skin a refresher, so indulge in Clear Deep Cleansing Mask, which is the secret to achieving clearer, healthier-looking skin.

Pucker up with Enhance, a new Lip-Plumping Mask that drastically conditions lips for a smoother, softer, fuller-looking pout.

Miss out on Black Friday? No worries! Cyber Monday is BOGO Half off! Only on! 


Meet our NEW Rose Quartz Crystal Facial Roller!

From the Selena Gomez’s bathroom counter to top spa’s and doctor’s offices around the world, the rose quartz stone is making an epic comeback in the beauty industry. For centuries, the rose quartz has been known for its beautifying properties and COSMEDIX’s new Rose Quartz Crystal Facial Roller is no exception. This invigorating beauty massage tool helps revitalize skin by increasing the absorption of skin care products, reducing the appearance of puffiness and improving the look of skin texture for a radiant, healthy-looking complexion that glows.

Featuring dual sides, this facial tool effortlessly rolls away tension, puffiness, uneven texture and more. Pair alone or with your favorite COSMEDIX products for a luxurious at-home facial treatment that promotes both inner and outer beauty. This roller helps maximize the effectiveness of your serums and moisturizers by pushing them deep into the skin, while it gently relives facial muscle tension or helps improve elasticity.

How it Works:

For An Instant Eye Lift
Apply eye serum onto your under-eye area. With the small end of the roller, work the product into the skin with short, upward motions.

  • Opti Crystal Liquid Crystal Eye Serum is perfect for those looking to banish the look of dark circles, fine lines and crow’s feet with the help of liquid crystal technology and soothing coconut.
  • Eye Genius Brilliant Eye Complex tackles dark circles, puffiness and fine lines with a gentle formula that contains five firming peptides and light-reflecting mica for a brighter, more awake appearance.

For a Dewy Glow

Apply a dime-sized amount of moisturizer to your face and neck. Roll the product into the skin in upward motions until product is evenly distributed.

  • Emulsion Intense Hydrator is an essential for cold weather days. This rich blend of naturally hydrating ingredients, as well as lip-barrier restoring ingredients helps renew the look and feel of the skin.
  • Restore Moisture-Rich Mask will become your go-to morning and night moisturizer as it works to restore skin to optimal health by giving it the vital moisture it craves with key hydration retention ingredients.

For a 5-minute Facial

Apply serum onto the face and roll the product into the skin in upward motions.

  • Affirm Antioxidant Firming Serum is enriched with vitamin E, resveratrol and age-defying biopeptides to help eliminate the appearance of environmental damage and improve the look of photodamaged skin.
  • Clarity Skin-Clarifying Serum is packed with retinol and salicylic acid to help exfoliate the skin and clarify congested pores that can lead to unwanted breakouts and blemishes.

Pro Tip: Store your Rose Quartz Crystal Facial Roller in the fridge in between uses for an invigorating cooling sensation that will help reduce the appearance of puffiness.


Skincare Diet for the Holiday Season

The holiday season is officially in full swing and COSMEDIX is dishing the secret to having glowing skin from within…the skincare diet!

Often, the holiday season is associated with inevitable weight gain that can come from the surplus of parties, excess travel, sweet treats and holiday cocktails. But, how do these factors impact our skin? While many people combat unwanted weight fluctuation by hitting the gym or going for a run, the skin is often the one that takes a hit due to dietary indulgences. Before enjoying a generous slice of pumpkin pie, savory sweet potato casserole and perfectly roasted turkey, be sure to fill your plate with some of these nutrient-rich foods that will help promote overall skin health for a visibly radiant complexion. These power foods not only fight against disease but provide antioxidant benefits for glowing skin.

Food for Thought

There’s no need to deprive yourself!  Treat yourself to these yummy foods that are sure to tantalize your taste buds without harming your skin!

  • Avocados
    It’s no secret that avocados are packed with omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins A, D and E, which have incredible benefits to overall skin health. In addition to pairing it with many dishes, avocado oil is a healthier alternative to other cooking oils. Eating foods with natural fiber can help maintain a healthy digestive tract. In addition, avocado is a natural emollient when applied topically, as it works to hydrate and moisturize skin for a healthier-looking complexion.
  • Sweet potatoes

With a high level of beta-carotene, these starchy favorites have several benefits that will leave behind a youthful-looking glow. Once ingested, the beta-carotene becomes an activated form of vitamin A, which helps increase healthy skin cell production. They’re also packed with potassium, which serves as a natural moisturizer.

  • Green Tea
    Filled with vitamins and powerful polyphenols, this multipurpose drink has anti-inflammatory properties and antibacterial agents that help reduce irritation, redness and swelling, as well as fight against infection for a clearer-looking complexion.
  • Dark chocolate
    If you’re looking to satisfy your sweet tooth without the cakes, pies and desserts, treat yourself to a few pieces of dark chocolate. Filled with potent antioxidants, dark chocolate may help protect skin from visible signs of aging induced by free radical damage.
  • Water
    This season, ditch the sugar-infused beverages, like sweet tea and soda, and up your water intake. This beverage helps flush the system of toxins, significantly reducing the risk of acne or other visible skin concerns. Promote a radiant complexion from the inside by drinking 8 glasses of water each day.


Bundles are BACK!

Creating the perfect skincare regimen is no easy task. Between finding the right cleanser, serum, moisturizer and mask, the process of customizing a routine can become daunting. These handpicked, better-together holiday bundles are power-packed duos that helped tackle any concern from deep cleansing, reducing the look of blemishes, diminishing the appearance of dark spots and uneven skin tone and fighting the visible signs of aging. Enjoy 20% off these limited-edition bundles by visiting

Pick the Perfect Pairing for You


Everyday Essentials

Benefit Clean & Hydrate+
When it comes to everyday skincare, less is more. This dynamic duo fits perfectly into your everyday, simplistic skincare regimen with rich antioxidants and broad-spectrum protection. It includes Benefit Clean, a Gentle Cleaner that’s packed with antioxidants. It gently removes debris and pollutants from the skin while also soothing and hydrating the complexion, making it the perfect morning and night cleanser. Pair it with Hydrate+, a moisturizing sunscreen that helps protect skin against age-accelerating free radicals and future sun damage.


Bestselling Blemish Busters

Clarity & Purity Clean
Get the clear complexion you crave with this Clear Skin Holiday. Whether you suffer from occasional breakouts, clogged pores under the surface of your skin or persistent acne, this bundle will become a go-to-duo for visibly clearer, healthier-looking skin. Treat stubborn breakouts without the harsh, drying side effects that come with traditional treatments. Purity Clean is a bestselling cleanser that works to exfoliate the skin and improve the look of uneven texture and discoloration. Clarity is a bestselling serum specially formulated with retinol and salicylic acid that helps exfoliate and clarity clogged pores that can lead to breakouts.


Brightening Duo

Pure C & Simply Brilliant
This go-to duo is the secret to achieving brighter, more even-toned skin. Simply Brilliant is formulated with 10 skin-specific brightening ingredients that drastically improve dull, discolored and uneven skin tone. Complete with both lactic and salicylic acids, this serum helps refine texture and improve penetration of brightening ingredients. For an added boost, sprinkle in Pure C, vitamin C mixing crystals, to help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles for a result you will love.


Age-Defying Duo

Define & Cell ID

With this duo, age is only a number! Reduce the appearance of fine lines, age spots, uneven skin tone and deep-set wrinkles with Define and Cell ID. Define helps exfoliate the skin to refine texture, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and smooth imperfections, while Cell ID helps boost the skin’s natural rejuvenation process. Packed with age-defying ingredients, this duo works to improve skin elasticity and deliver intense hydration to help bring vitality back to the skin.

Get them all holiday season long on!

Meet our NEW Mask Size!

glow skincare los angeles

There’s a reason we call it the most wonderful time of the year! The days of cozying up with hot chocolate, tasty treats and loved ones are among us and it’s important to keep skin looking beautiful all season long. Between intense travel schedules, ongoing food preparations and celebratory events, the holiday season can become as stressful as it is joyous. From hitting the road on a family road trip to frequenting your local airport, the increase in travel can truly take a toll on your skin.

Not anymore.

While most travel destinations are complete with local gift shops and pharmacies, a trip away from home is never the right time to skimp on great skincare. That’s why COSMEDIX recently released their cult-favorite masks in travel-friendly, trial-size components just in time for the holiday season. Whether your skin tends to get dry from the air cabin or appears dull due to the inevitable lack of sleep, these masks will become the secret weapon to keeping skin looking flawless on-the-go! Detox your skin from daily grime, improve the appearance of discoloration and uneven skin tone or visibly plump the skin for a healthier looking complexion with these 1.3 oz masks.

Used properly- you should get up to 19 applications out of these masks! 

Customize your Regimen  

Detox | Activated Charcoal Mask
Give your skin some much-needed TLC with this activated charcoal and kaolin clay-based mask that helps draw out impurities from congested, enlarged pores. The diatomaceous earth effectively cleanses away pollutants for a visibly brighter, less agitated-looking complexion.

Application: Apply a generous amount to clean, damp skin. Rub into skin using a massaging, circular motion. Leave on skin for 10-15 minutes and then gently rinse your skin with warm water and pat dry. Follow with serums and moisturizer.

Glow | Bamboo Brightening Mask
The lights won’t be the only thing shining this season! This brightening mask helps improve the appearance of discoloration and uneven skin tone by exfoliating away dead surface skin with bamboo stem extracts. This gentle exfoliation allows optimal absorption of brightening ingredients, which help improve skin texture and tone for a more luminous-looking complexion.

Application: Apply a generous amount to clean, damp skin. Massage into skin using circular motions. Leave on skin for 10 to 15 minutes and then gently rinse off with warm water and pat dry.

Restore | Moisture-Rich Mask
As the cooler temperatures creep in, it’s easy for skin to appear dull during the holiday season. Restore a radiant, glowing complexion with this moisture-rich mask that’s infused with mango seed butter and squalane to help visibly plump skin with hydration. Smooth out the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and improve the look of texture for ta softer, more youthful-looking complexion.

Application: Apply a generous amount to dry skin and massage into skin using circular motions. Leave on skin for 10 to 15 minutes and then rinse off or leave on and blot away excess product with a soft tissue.

Bonus: Use these new components to multi-mask on-the-go! Target different skin concerns by placing the various masks to different facial zones for a customized at-home treatment.